José de San Martín
Born: 25 Feb. 1778 – Died: 17 Aug. 1850
Military, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Perú
José de San Martín was a revered Argentine general and one of the principal leaders of South America’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule in the early 19th century. He played a pivotal role in liberating Argentina, Chile, and Peru, earning him the title of “The Liberator.” His military strategies, commitment to freedom, and dedication to a united South America have made him a symbol of independence and national pride in several countries.
Born: 3 Jun. 1770 – Died: 20 Jun. 1820
Economist, Lawyer, Journalist and Military
Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, military leader, and one of the key figures in Argentina’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule. He played a vital role in promoting Argentina’s national identity, designing the country’s flag, and advocating for education. Belgrano’s leadership in battles such as the May Revolution and his commitment to social justice have made him a revered patriot and a foundational figure in Argentine history.
Born: 15 Feb. 1811 – Died: 11 Sep. 1888
Intellectual, Writer, Educator and Politician
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine intellectual, writer, educator, and politician. Serving as President of Argentina, he promoted modernization, education, and social reform. Sarmiento played a crucial role in shaping Argentina’s educational system, advocating for public schooling and teacher training. His impact on Argentine culture and education policy has earned him a lasting legacy as a leading intellectual and statesman.