Discover Baires

Discover Baires

Discover Argentina

Country of extreme passions

Overview of Argentina

Argentina (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾxenˈtina], officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country in the southern half of South America. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), making it the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world.

It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. 

National Anthem of Argentina:

Flag of Argentina
Argentina Satellite View

Information About Argentina



Argentina no longer requires Covid testing prior to entering the country.


Most of the countries of Western Europe, South America and North America do not require a visa to enter the country for tourist purposes. However, you can check the Immigration official page to learn about the world’s visa regime for your country. 



According to the 2020 Global Peace Index, Argentina is one of the most secure countries in Latin America. However, as in many parts of the world, it is always important to be careful when you travel. 

In case of an emergency, you can dial 911 from any part of Argentina. We also recommend that you to take note of the following numbers:

  • 101 – Police
  • 100 – Fire department
  • 107 – Medical emergencies

Useful Data of Argentina

Measurement system: Metres and kilos. 

Language: The official language is Spanish, but most of the people who engage with tourists also speak English and Portuguese. 

Official time: GMT -3

Food: In large cities, you will find all kinds of food. Buenos Aires is one of the top food capitals of South America. In more distant destinations, the food offer is more limited. Therefore, if you are a vegetarian, vegan or require a gluten free diet, it is advisable to let the lodging know in advance.

Currency: The official currency is the Argentine peso. Of course, you can exchange currency at the airport and official exchange houses. Credit cards are taken in almost all stores and activities across the territory. However, in more distant destinations, it is best to take cash with you.

The Argentine Peso:

Argentine banknotes
Money of Argentina
Argentine banknotes
Argentine banknotes
Pesos Argentinos
Argentine Pesos

Argentine Pesos: Due to the high inflation rates that have been recorded in our country for several years, the Argentine Peso suffers a permanent devaluation. The bill with the highest denomination, for the moment, is the new 2000-peso bill.

Geography and Climate

Argentina is well-known for its varied geography and wide climate diversity.  It stretches from the Tropic of Capricorn to Antarctica and from the Andes Range to the Atlantic Ocean. Its geography includes long plains, rainforests, highlands, forests, deserts, mountains (the highest in the Americas) and a long sea coast. It is considered one of the countries with the largest biodiversity in the world. Many of its natural sites are protected as reserves and national parks, and some have been declared by UNESCO as World Heritage sites. 

Being a vast country, Argentina’s climate varies from region to region.  

Northeast region (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Entre Ríos and Santa Fe): Humid subtropical climate. Hot summers and mild winters.

Buenos Aires: Humid temperate climate. Hot summers and cold winters. 

Patagonia (La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz): Humid temperate climate on the Andes Range, on the steppe and coasts. Very cold winters, with frequent snowfalls. In the summer, it is warm during the day and cold at night.

Northwest region (Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja and Santiago del Estero): Hot subtropical climate, including arid zones and other regions with abundant rainfall (yungas). Very hot summers and mild to cold winters. Wide temperature difference between day and night. 

Cuyo (Mendoza, San Juan and San Luis): Arid temperate climate with few rainfalls and many sunny days during the year. Wide temperature amplitude. Hot days and cool nights. 

Córdoba: Temperate climate with mild cold winters and hot summers.

Natural Argentina


You can go to Argentina all year round. Buenos Aires is especially beautiful in spring with its jacaranda trees in full bloom and the vibrant life of its streets and parks. Summer is perfect to visit Patagonia, Antarctica, the Littoral region, the beaches along the Atlantic Ocean, the Central Mountains or to take a tour to the vineyards of Mendoza in their harvest time.  Winter is great for destinations in the north of the country, including Salta, Catamarca and Jujuy, Misiones Rainforest, the Ibera Wetlands and the Great Chaco or the mountain sites close to the Andes to enjoy the snow. Autumn and spring are perfect to visit any part of the country, from the very north to Tierra del Fuego in the southern extreme.

Films related to Argentina

Here you will find 10 films that try to reflect different historical events, characters, landscapes and Argentine traditions. Among these local and interenational movies, that we recommend you to watch, there are two Oscar winners for Best Foreign Language Film: Luis Puenzo’s The Official Story and Juan José Campanella’s The Secret In Their Eyes.

The Official Story
The Secret of Their Eyes
Argentina 1985
Nine Queens
Son of the Bride
Wild Tales
The Two Popes
The Mission
The Motorcycle Diaries
Santa Evita

The most Famous Argentines

Here are some notable Argentines who have achieved recognition on the global stage. These individuals have made profound contributions to sports, politics, culture, and society, leaving an indelible mark on Argentina’s history and global consciousness. 

San Martín

José de San Martín

Born: 25 Feb. 1778 – Died: 17 Aug. 1850

Military, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Perú

José de San Martín was a revered Argentine general and one of the principal leaders of South America’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule in the early 19th century. He played a pivotal role in liberating Argentina, Chile, and Peru, earning him the title of “The Liberator.” His military strategies, commitment to freedom, and dedication to a united South America have made him a symbol of independence and national pride in several countries.


Manuel Belgrano

Born: 3 Jun. 1770 – Died: 20 Jun. 1820

Economist, Lawyer, Journalist and Military

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, military leader, and one of the key figures in Argentina’s struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule. He played a vital role in promoting Argentina’s national identity, designing the country’s flag, and advocating for education. Belgrano’s leadership in battles such as the May Revolution and his commitment to social justice have made him a revered patriot and a foundational figure in Argentine history.


Domingo Sarmiento

Born: 15 Feb. 1811 – Died: 11 Sep. 1888

Intellectual, Writer, Educator and Politician

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine intellectual, writer, educator, and politician. Serving as President of Argentina, he promoted modernization, education, and social reform. Sarmiento played a crucial role in shaping Argentina’s educational system, advocating for public schooling and teacher training. His impact on Argentine culture and education policy has earned him a lasting legacy as a leading intellectual and statesman.


Juan Perón

Born: 8 Oct. 1895 – Died: 1 Jul. 1974

Military and Politician

Juan Domingo Perón (married to Eva Duarte) was a prominent Argentine political figure. As a three-time president, he played a pivotal role in shaping Argentina’s political landscape. Perón championed social justice and workers’ rights, creating a political ideology known as Peronism. His charismatic leadership and populist policies endeared him to the masses. Perón’s legacy remains influential in Argentine politics and continues to spark debate and controversy.


Eva Duarte

Born: 7 May 1919 – Died: 26 Jul.1952

Actress, Politician and Activist

Eva Duarte de Perón, commonly known as Evita, was a revered Argentine First Lady. Born in poverty, she rose to fame as an actress before marrying President Perón. Evita used her position to champion the poor, founding charitable organizations and advocating for women’s suffrage. Her charisma and dedication to social justice made her an iconic figure, even after her untimely death in 1952. She remains a symbol of compassion in Argentina’s history.

Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara

Born: 14 Jun. 1928 – Died: 9 Oct. 1967

Phisician, Guerrilla Leader and Diplomat

Ernesto “Che” Guevara, an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, was a key figure in the Cuban Revolution alongside Fidel Castro. His iconic image became a symbol of revolutionary spirit worldwide. Guevara was a guerrilla leader and diplomat, advocating for socialist ideals and armed struggle against imperialism. His life ended tragically in 1967 during a failed revolutionary expedition, but his legacy endures as an emblem of rebellion and idealism.


Jorge Luis Borges

Born: 24 Aug. 1899 – Died: 14 Jun. 1986

Writer, Essayist, Poet and Translator

Jorge Luis Borges was an Argentine literary giant renowned for his inventive and philosophical short stories and essays. His works often explored themes of metaphysics, labyrinths, and the blurring of reality and fiction. Some of his most famous and celebrated works are “Fictions”, “The Aleph” and “Labyrinths”. Borges’ intricate prose style and exploration of universal concepts earned him a reputation as one of the most influential writers of the 20th century.


Julio Cortázar

Born: 26 Aug. 1914 – Died: 12 Feb. 1984

Novelist, Writer, Essayist and Translator

Mario Julio Cortázar was an Argentine author renowned for his innovative and experimental works in the realm of literature. He’s best known for his short stories and novel “Hopscotch” (“Rayuela”), which challenged traditional narrative structures. Cortázar’s writings often delved into surrealism and existentialism, making him a prominent figure in Latin American literature, influencing and inspiring generations of writers with his unique storytelling style.


Ernesto Sábato

Born: 24 Jun. 1911 – Died: 30 Apr 2011

Novelist, Essayist, Painter and Physicist

Ernesto Sabato was an Argentine writer and painter best known for his introspective and psychological novels. His most famous work, “The Tunnel”, explores themes of existentialism and alienation. Sabato’s literary contributions reflect his fascination with the human psyche and the dark corners of the human soul, making him a significant figure in 20th-century Argentine literature and philosophy. He also played a role in advocating for human rights in Argentina.


Mario Kempes

Born: 15 Jul. 1954

Football Player and Manager

Mario Alberto Kempes is an Argentine former professional footballer and manager who played as a striker or attacking midfielder with exceptional dribbling skills and a powerful shot. He represented Argentina in three World Cups, winning the competition in 1978 played in Argentina. Kempes was the focal point of Argentina’s 1978 World Cup win where he scored twice in the final match against the Netherlands and received the Golden Boot as top goalscorer.


Diego Maradona

Born: 30 Oct. 1960 – Died: 25 Nov. 2020

Football Player and Manager

Diego Armando Maradona was an Argentine professional football player and manager. Widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport, he was one of the two joint winners of the FIFA Player of the 20th Century award. Maradona played in four FIFA World Cups, including the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, where he captained Argentina and led them to victory over West Germany in the final, and won the Golden Ball as the tournament’s best player.


Lionel Messi

Born: 24 Jun. 1987

Football Player

Lionel Andrés Messi also known as Leo Messi, is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for and captains both Major League Soccer club Inter Miami and the Argentina national team. Regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, Messi has won a record seven Ballon d’Or awards. In 2022, he led Argentina to win the 2022 FIFA World Cup, where he won a record second Golden Ball, scored seven goals including two in the final against France.


Carlos Gardel

Born: 11 Dec. 1890 – Died: 24 Jun. 1935

Singer, Songwriter, Composer and Actor

Carlos Gardel was an iconic Argentine tango singer, composer, and actor. With his smooth voice and charismatic presence, he popularized tango music worldwide in the early 20th century and became a symbol of tango music’s golden era. He died tragically in a plane crash in 1935. His songs, including “Por una Cabeza”, “El Día que Me Quieras” and “Mi Buenos Aires Querido” continue to evoke passion and nostalgia, making him a timeless figure in music history.


Mercedes Sosa

Born: 9 Jul. 1935 – Died: 4 Oct. 2009


Mercedes Sosa was an influential Argentine folk singer whose soulful voice and powerful lyrics made her a symbol of social justice and human rights. With a career spanning over five decades, Sosa used her music to address political and cultural issues, advocating for change and raising awareness of indigenous and marginalized communities. Her emotionally charged performances and commitment to activism earned her international recognition.


Gustavo Cerati

Born: 11 Aug. 1959 – Died: 4 Sep. 2014

Musician, Singer, Songwriter and Producer

Gustavo Cerati was an Argentine musician and songwriter renowned for his innovative contributions to Latin rock. As the frontman of the iconic rock band Soda Stereo, Cerati’s ethereal vocals and creative guitar work helped shape the Latin American music scene. His solo career continued to push boundaries, blending rock, pop, and electronic elements. Cerati’s artistic prowess and enduring influence make him a revered figure in Latin music history.


Astor Piazzolla

Born: 11 Mar. 1921 – Died: 4 Jul. 1992

Musician, Composer and Arranger

Astor Piazzolla was an Argentine composer and bandoneón player, known for revolutionizing tango music. His innovative style blended traditional tango with elements of jazz and classical music, creating the “nuevo tango” genre. Piazzolla’s compositions, including “Libertango” and “Adiós Nonino,” are characterized by complex harmonies and rhythms. His work has left an enduring impact on the world of music, making him a legendary figure in Argentine culture.


Juan Manuel Fangio

Born: 24 Jun. 1911 – Died: 17 Jul. 1995

Racing Car Driver

Juan Manuel Fangio was a legendary Argentine racing driver who dominated Formula One in the 1950s. With five World Championships (with four different teams) to his name, he is considered one of the greatest in motorsport history. He holds the highest winning percentage in Formula One at 46.15% and also holds the record for the highest pole percentage at 55.77%. Fangio’s precision, strategic prowess, and calm under pressure set him apart.

Benito Quinquela Martin

Benito Quinquela Martín

Born: 1 Mar. 1890 – Died: 28 Jan. 1977

Painter and Philanthropist

Benito Quinquela Martín, an Argentine painter, captured the essence of La Boca, Buenos Aires, in vivid and emotive artworks. Born in poverty, he became a prominent figure in the art world, using his talent to depict the vibrant, working-class neighborhood he called home. His colorful, expressive pieces often focused on port scenes, showcasing the humanity and resilience of his community. His art endures as a powerful celebration of Argentine culture.

Mothers of Plaza de Mayo

The Mothers

Formation: 1977 – First March: 30 Apr. 1977

Mothers of Plaza de Mayo (Video)

A group of courageous women, embarked on a relentless quest for justice during the country’s dark period of disappearances and political turmoil in the late 20th century. Clad in white headscarves, they marched in Buenos Aires’ iconic Plaza de Mayo, demanding answers about their missing children. Their unwavering determination and resilience spotlighted human rights abuses and became an international symbol of maternal love and activism.

Pope Francis

Pope Francis

Born: 17 Dec. 1936

Head of the Roman Catholic Church

Pope Francis, born Jorge Mario Bergoglio in 1936, is the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Elected in 2013, he is renowned for his progressive views focusing on social justice, the environmet and poverty alleviation. Hailing from Argentina, he is the first Pope from the Americas and the Southern Hemisphere. His humble demeanor, compassion, and calls for interfaith dialogue have made him a widely respected and influential religious leader worldwide.



Comic Strip Published

From 29 Sep. 1964 to 25 Jun. 1973

Mafalda is a beloved Argentine comic strip character created by cartoonist Quino in the 1960s. A precocious and wise-beyond-her-years young girl, Mafalda is known for her sharp wit and deep concern for global issues, often engaging in insightful conversations with her friends about politics, society, and the world’s problems. Her enduring appeal lies in her ability to humorously tackle complex topics, making her an iconic figure in Latin American pop culture.

Mafalda Comic
error: Content is protected !! Copyright © 2020 - 2022 Discover Baires - All Rights Reserved